Employment and social inclusion
Table of contents:
- Social challenges
- Attracting and retaining talents
- Maintaining employees’ long-term employability
- Ensuring a high level of commitment based on respect for each other and improving quality of life at work
Since 2016, the Group has set the ambition of becoming the responsible energy major. Because a company is first and foremost a people-driven adventure, this ambition depends primarily on the women and men who work at Total, both today and tomorrow. Becoming the responsible energy major also means being a responsible company for the Group’s teams and, in particular, a company that offers its employees opportunities to develop and thrive professionally.
- attracting and retaining talents in line with the key skills sought by the Group, based on the principle of non-discrimination and equal opportunity;
- maintaining employees’ long-term employability by facilitating skills acquisition in order to keep up with the development of job sectors and technologies;
- ensuring a high level of commitment based on respect for each other and improving quality of life at work.
In 2019, the Group’s Executive Committee launched a key component of the company project that embodies the Group’s human ambitions: the One Total, Better Together project seeks to identify the workstreams to be launched as a priority so that the development of each Group employee is commensurate with the Group’s business goals and lives up to the employee’s expectations.
One Total, Better Together is structured around three main ambitions that are broken down into several implementation projects that concern all of the Group’s subsidiaries(1).
To address its social challenges, Total relies on the Group Human Resources division, which forms part of the People & Social Responsibility division, whose President is a member of the Executive Committee. In particular, the Group Human Resources division has the role of defining the Human Resources strategy and policies of the Group in accordance with the business challenges and the One Total Company project. In line with the multiple situations encountered in the field, it coordinates the promotion and roll-out of the new policies to support the various Human Resources departments in the Group’s business segments.
(1) Excluding Hutchinson and SunPower.
ATTRACTING AND RETAINING TALENTS
Appropriate management of the Group’s workforce
As of December 31, 2019, the Group had 107,776 employees belonging to 321 employing companies located in 102 countries. At year-end 2019, the countries with the most employees were, in descending order, France, Mexico, Poland, the United States, Belgium, China and Germany.
The increase in the number of employees between 2018 (104,460 employees) and 2019 (107,776 employees) is 3.2% (3,316 employees). This is mainly due to the inclusion in the consolidation scope of SunPower subsidiaries, especially in Malaysia (1,614 employees) and the development of SunPower and Hutchison activities in Mexico.
(2) Managers or equivalent ≥300 Hay points. The Hay method is a unique reference framework used to classify and assess job levels.
Total’s workforce movements
Total implements a proactive policy of recruiting young people at the start of their career, regardless of their job sector or background. The Group gives them the opportunity to forge a variety of career paths through continuous, tailored training programs designed to improve long-term employability. This enables Total to adapt to structural and job sector changes.
In addition, Total hires more experienced profiles for positions requesting key skills, while offering them long-term career prospects within the Group.
Within an economic environment exposed to oil price volatility, hiring increased by 8.1% compared to 2018. This represents a total of 14,606 employees hired on a permanent contract within the consolidated scope.
The regions that hired the most employees were Latin America (45%), mainly Mexico and Brazil (taking into account the high turnover rate in these countries), Europe excluding France (15.6%), France (14.9%), and Asia (10.6%). With 50% of Group hires, the Refinery & Chemicals segment is the largest recruiter, mainly within Hutchinson activity, ahead of the Integrated Gas, Renewables & Power segment (29.7%).
In 2019, the consolidated Group companies hired 12,768 employees on fixed-term contracts, compared with 11,650 in 2018. Almost 53% of employees hired on fixed-term contract were employed by Argedis, whose business is particularly seasonal (service stations) and which hires staff on temporary contracts.
A responsible compensation policy
The Group’s compensation policy applies to all companies in which TOTAL S.A. holds the majority of voting rights. The aim of this policy is to ensure external competitiveness and internal fairness, reinforce the link to individual performance, increase employee share ownership and implement the Group’s corporate social responsibility commitments.
A large majority of employees benefit from laws that guarantee a minimum wage, and, whenever this is not the case, the Group’s policy ensures that compensation is above the minimum wage observed locally. Regular benchmarking is used to assess compensation based on the external market and the entity’s competitive environment. Each entity’s positioning relative to its reference market is assessed by the Human resources department of each business segment, which monitors evolutions in payroll, turnover and consistency with the market.
Fair treatment is ensured within the Group through the widespread implementation of a management job level evaluation (JL ≥ 10)(3) using the Hay method, which associates a salary range with each job level. Performance of the Group’s employees (attainment of set targets, skills assessment, overall evaluation of job performance) is evaluated during an annual individual review and formalized in accordance with principles common to the entire Group.
The compensation structure of the Group’s employees is based on the following components, depending on the country:
- a base salary, which is subject to individual and/or general salary-raise campaigns each year. The merit-based salary-raise campaigns are intended to compensate employees’ individual performance according to the targets set during the annual individual review, including at least one HSE (Health, Safety, Environment) target; and
- an individual variable compensation starting at a certain level of responsibility, which is intended to compensate individual performance (quantitative and qualitative attainment of previously set targets), managerial practices, if applicable, and the employee’s contribution to collective performance evaluated, in particular, according to HSE targets set for each business segment, which represents up to 10% of the variable portion. In 2019, 86.6% of the Group’s entities (World Human Resources Survey - WHRS - scope) included HSE criteria in the variable compensation.
Complementary collective variable compensation programs are implemented in some countries, such as France, via incentives and profit-sharing that also incorporates HSE criteria. According to the agreement signed for 2018-2020 applicable to the oil and petrochemicals sector(4) in France (scope of about 17,700 employees in 2019), the amount available for employee incentive is determined based on:
- financial parameters (the Group’s return on equity as an absolute value and compared to four peers(5));
- the attainment of safety targets (injury rate and accidental deaths in the oil and petrochemicals sector in France);
- criteria assessed at the level of the entity to which the employees belong, relating to employee commitment to priority areas identified by the Action! program, which is mainly driven by the corporate Foundation (Fondation d’entreprise) in France;
- criteria relating to the performance of the entity in question (production, sales volumes, gross margins, operating costs, etc.).
The Group provides pension and employee benefit programs (health and death) meeting the needs of the subsidiaries and the Group’s standards with the aim that each employee can:
- benefit, in case of illness, from coverage that is at least equal to the median amount for the national industrial market;
- save or accumulate income substitution benefits for retirement;
- arrange for the protection of family members in case of the employee’s death via insurance that provides for the payment of a benefit recommended to equal two years’ gross salary.
These programs, which are regularly reviewed and, if necessary, adjusted, are rolled out by the subsidiaries and supplement those that may be provided for by local regulations.
(3) Job level of the position according to the Hay method. JL10 corresponds to junior manager (cadre débutant) ( ≥ 300 Hay points)
(4) Covers Total E&P France and the “socle social commun scope, as defined in the “reporting scopes and method” section.
(5) ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP and Chevron.
A proactive policy to increase employee shareholding and employee savings
Employee shareholding, one of the pillars of the Group’s Human Resources policy, is extended via three main mechanisms: the grant of performance shares, share capital increases reserved for employees, and employee savings. In this way, Total wishes to encourage employee shareholding, strengthen their sense of belonging to the Group and give them a stake in the Group’s performance by allowing them to benefit from their involvement.
Each year since 2005, Total has granted performance shares to many of its employees (approximately 10,000 each year since 2009). The definitive granting of these shares depends on the fulfillment of performance conditions assessed at the end of a vesting period extended to three years in 2013 (refer to point 4.3.4 of the 2019 Universal Registration Document). The 2019 plan approved by the Board of Directors of TOTAL S.A. in March 2019 granted a 6% higher volume of performance shares compared with the 2018 plan. Over 40% of plan beneficiaries had not received performance shares the previous year. More than 10,000 employees were concerned by this plan, over 97% of whom are non-senior executives.
Total also invites employees of companies more than 50% owned in terms of voting rights, and subscribing to the Shareholder Group Savings Plan (PEG-A) created in 1999 for this purpose, to subscribe to share capital increases reserved for employees. Share capital increases reserved for employees take place annually. As a result, more than 60% of the Group’s employees are Total shareholders. Depending on the offerings chosen and the employees’ location, these operations are completed either through Company Savings Plans(6) (FCPE) or by subscribing Total shares or American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) in the United States.
Pursuant to the authorization given by the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting of June 1, 2018, the Board of Directors of TOTAL S.A. decided, at its meeting on September 18, 2019, a share capital increase reserved for employees to be completed in 2020 with a 20% discount. This operation will concern approximately 100 countries. Employees would receive a matching contribution of five free shares for the first five shares subscribed. The shares subscribed would give holders current dividend rights. The previous operation took place in 2019. Over 45,000 employees in 99 countries took part in this share capital increase, which resulted in the subscription of 9,845,111 shares at a price of €40.10 per share.
Employee savings are also fostered via the Total Group Savings Plan (PEGT) and the Complementary Company Savings Plan (PEC), both open to employees of the Group’s French companies that have subscribed to the plans under the agreements signed in 2002 and 2004 and their amendments. These plans allow investments in a wide range of mutual funds, including the Total Actionnariat France fund that is invested in Total shares.
A Collective Retirement Savings Plan (PERCO) is open to employees of the Group’s French companies covered by the 2004 Group agreement on provisions for retirement savings. Other saving plans and PERCO are open in some French companies covered by specific agreements. Group employees can make discretionary contributions in the framework of these various plans, which their employer may supplement under certain conditions through a matching contribution. The Group’s companies in France made gross matching contributions that totaled €71.1 million in 2019.
(6) Total Actionnariat France, Total France Capital+, Total Actionnariat International Capitalisation, Total Intl Capital.
MAINTAINING EMPLOYEES’ LONG-TERM EMPLOYABILITY
Aware of these challenges, the Group launched the One Total – Better Together project with the ambition of developing the talents of each employee by bringing more than 400 talent developers into the Group in 2019. The role of a talent developer is to assist each employee with his or her professional development while providing customized support. The professional development of employees stands at the heart of the Group’s performance. It requires the drafting of an individual career plan. The Group enables all employees to take control of their professional development through a transparent and global system on which internal job offers are published (covering 90% of positions).
In addition, the technical and commercial know-how of employees and their ability to manage large projects underpin the Group’s operational excellence and are essential for the Group’s development. Total therefore offers continuous, tailored training programs aimed at enhancing employees’ skills and employability. These training courses form part of an approach based on improving skills and supporting careers, including for employees moving between business segments and/or geographical region.
The Group’s policy in the field of training hinges on five major areas:
- sharing Total’s corporate values, particularly with respect to HSE, ethics, leadership, innovation and digital technology;
- supporting the development of existing activities and creating new ones in order to achieve the Group’s ambitions;
- increasing key skills in all business areas to maintain a high level of operating performance;
- promoting employees’ integration and career development through Group induction and training on management and personal development; and
- supporting the policy of mobility and diversity within the Group through language and intercultural training.
The Group offers all of its employees, when taking up a new position, an individual training plan that lays down the employees’ training needs for the subsequent three years so that they have the resources necessary to be successful in the new position and can acquire new skills throughout the assignment. A catalog of more than 1,900 training courses is available.
In addition, the Group implements a management training course that enables managers to develop their skills from the moment they take up their position to the end of their careers. This course comprises a common training foundation and is a permanent part of each key stage in the manager’s career in order to support managers in their role as manager-coaches.
The Group’s training efforts remained strong in 2019, with 77% of employees having attended at least one on-site training during the year, compared to 75% in 2018 and a total budget of around €163 million, compared to €157 million in 2018. In 2019, there were 249,784 days of on-site training, an increase of 6.7% compared to 2018, mainly due to the scope evolution.
The average number of days of training per employee decreased by 0.2 due to the integration into the scope of 21 companies, such as ARGEDIS, Hutchinson SRO Rokycany, Saft America Inc and SunPower Philippines Ltd, with higher number of trained employees (79%), with shorter training duration particularly on remote training. Outside the scope of new companies, the average number of training per employee is stable.
The change in the Group’s e-learning system was an opportunity to carry out a complete overhaul of the training catalog with a new and finer distribution, implying that certain technical and HSEQ training are distributed to support function technical training.
Total has a technological training center, Oléum, which combines technical expertise with life-size technical learning platforms. The center operates on two sites in France (Dunkerque and La Mède), offering trainees a life-size Seveso environment and providing technical training notably in operations, maintenance, inspection, safety. Oléum welcomes interns from all sectors of activity of the Group worldwide, as well as partners and external customers. In 2018, a platform was introduced, enabling the delivery of the certified Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency Training course. This certification is mandatory for all personnel working on offshore platforms.
ENSURING A HIGH LEVEL OF COMMITMENT BASED ON RESPECT FOR EACH OTHER AND IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE AT WORK
Promoting equal treatment of employees and banning discrimination
Diversity is an integral part of the DNA and success of the Group, which is present in more than 130 countries. The Group has long been involved in promoting equal opportunities and diversity, and strives to promote an environment conducive to the expression and development of all employees’ potential.
The diversity of its employees and management is crucial to the Group’s competitiveness, innovative capacity, attractiveness and acceptability. Total works to develop its employees’ skills and careers while prohibiting any discrimination related to origin, gender, sexual orientation or identity, disability, age or affiliation with a political, labor or religious organization, or membership in a minority group.
This policy is supported at the highest level and promoted by the Diversity Council, which is chaired by a member of the Group’s Executive Committee. The recruitment teams receive non-discrimination training. An internal guide entitled, Recruiting without discriminating, has also been implemented and is widely distributed. Initiatives aimed at raising employee and manager awareness of diversity are organized on a regular basis.
Each entity is responsible for creating a suitable work environment so that they offer all employees the same career opportunities and can benefit from all of the skills and diverse approaches they bring.
Promoting equal opportunity and diversity is part of a policy and has long been monitored. Total was one of the pioneering groups with regard to diversity. It has prioritized two key components of diversity: gender diversity and internationalization, aiming to offer women and men of all nationalities the same career opportunities up to the highest levels of management. Total set itself quantitative targets to be reached by the end of 2020.
In addition to the components of gender diversity and internationalization, disability forms an integral part of the Group’s diversity policy. Initially deployed and coordinated in France, the disability policy was rolled out internationally in October 2018 through the signing of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Global Business and Disability Network Charter.
In September 2018, Total renewed its commitment to diversity, equal opportunities and economic and social performance by signing the new Diversity Charter introduced by the network Les entreprises pour la cité in France. By signing this new charter, Total reaffirmed its will to become a responsible employer. The Group was one of the 33 founding signatories of the charter when it was launched in 2004. In November 2018, within the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT) framework, Total signed a pledge through which the signatories hope to strengthen the European movement to promote diversity and inclusion.
Equal treatment for women and men
Total is committed to respecting and promoting the principle of equal treatment for women and men, while ensuring that it is correctly applied. Equal treatment for women and men is promoted in the Group through a global policy of gender diversity, quantitative targets set by General Management, Human Resources processes that take the issue of gender into consideration, agreements in favor of a better work-life balance and awareness-raising and training actions.
Total’s commitment to workplace gender equality spans from recruitment to the end of a career. It guarantees equal treatment for women and for men in the process for identifying high-potential employees and appointing senior executives.
In order to ensure a more balanced representation of men and women among senior managers, the Group set the following goals, which are to be reached in 2020:
- 25% women senior executives: women made up 23.0% in 2019 and around 5% in 2004;
- 18% women senior managers: women made up 17.4% in 2019 and around 8% in 2004;
- more than 20% women members on the Management Committees (head office and subsidiaries): women made up 23.9% in 2019;
- more than 20% women members on the Management Committees of branches and in large functional divisions: women made up 25.5% in 2019.
To meet these targets, the Group creates mixed talent pools. At the end of 2019, women made up 31.1% of high-potential employees (15% in 2004) and 30.7% of high-potential Group employees destined to become senior executives (24% in 2014).
In terms of TOTAL S.A., Total’s commitment to diversity took shape in 2016 as the President of the People & Social Responsibility division joined the Group’s Executive Committee (eight people), which the President of the Strategy-Innovation division then joined in 2019. With regard to diversity in the 10% of the highest management positions of the Company, the proportion of women equals 16%. At Group level, which is the most relevant parameter considering Total’s activities, this proportion equals 22%(7).
Total aims to hire women in proportions that reflect, at a minimum, the percentages of qualifications awarded by the higher education establishments in its business segments. The Group strives to promote the same proportion of women and men with equivalent qualifications and experience within the overall population eligible for a specific promotion.
To encourage young women to choose to study technical subjects, Total has been a partner of the “Elles bougent” organization in France since 2011, and served as honorary Chairman in 2015. Some 130 female engineers regularly inform high-school girls about careers in science. Throughout the Group, female engineers and technicians from all cultures are encouraged to give talks to high-school girls and female students to illustrate women’s contribution to the fields of science and technology.
Diversity is also promoted through action to change mentalities, and awareness, training and communication events are held regularly for managers and employees. Internal training courses such as Managing your career as a woman and Managing diversity are also available.
Through its mentoring activities and development workshops, the TWICE (Total Women’s Initiative for Communication and Exchange) network also helps to develop the gender diversity policy. It aims to promote the progression of women within the Group, particularly to management roles, and help women further their careers. Created in 2006, it is currently in place in France and abroad (41 local networks) and has almost 4,000 members. Within this framework, a mentoring program is rolled out in France and internationally, and helps women to better anticipate the key phases of their careers. Nearly 1,600 women have benefited from this program since 2010. In 2018, the network launched the TWICE @ Digital initiative to bring women working in the Group’s digital fields together and, more generally, raise awareness of digital technology among women so that they could fully grasp the changes that are currently taking place and the impact of these changes on their work.
The signing of agreements, international charters and adherence to initiatives relating to diversity is emblematic of the Group’s conviction at the very highest level of decision-making.
Thus, in 2010, Total signed the “Women’s Empowerment Principles – Equality Means Business” set out in the United Nations Global Compact, and its commitment to equal opportunities and the equal treatment of women and men is regularly embodied in agreements that address the issue of diversity.
In 2016, Total, along with 20 other oil and gas companies, got involved at the World Economic Forum by signing Closing the Gender Gap – a Call to Action. This joint declaration is based on seven action principles (leadership; expectations and goal setting; Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) program; clear responsibilities; recruitment, retention and promotion policies; inclusive corporate culture; and work environment and work-life balance) and two decisive drivers: more diverse recruitment and greater openness of technical and management roles to women.
In terms of compensation, specific measures have been set in place since 2010 to prevent and compensate for any unjustified salary gaps. Regular checks are performed during salary-raise campaigns to ensure employees are treated fairly and men and women receive equivalent compensation for the same level of responsibility.
In France, in compliance with law no. 2018-771 of September 5, 2018, on the freedom to choose one’s professional future, an index, based on a score of 100 and comprising five indicators (compensation gap, gap in individual pay raise rates excluding promotions, gap in the promotion rate, percentage of female employees who were given a pay raise in the year in which they returned from maternity leave, number of employees of the underrepresented gender among the ten employees who received the highest compensation) that concern compensation gaps between men and women and the actions taken to eliminate these gaps, has been published since 2019 for the three Social and Economic Units (UES).
|Index(a)||2018 / 2019||2017 / 2018|
|UES Amont-Global Services-Holding||90 / 100||85 / 100|
|UES Refining-Petrochemicals||94 / 100||83 / 100|
|UES Marketing & Services||87 / 100||86 / 100|
(a)Reference period from October 1 to September 30 of the year in question.
These results are published every year on this website.
In France, an equal opportunity agreement was negotiated with staff representative bodies in June 2019, applicable to the “Socle social commun” scope. It foresees, in particular, extending paternity leave to three consecutive calendar weeks, less stringent remote working conditions (whether occasional or not) and the right to return-to-work coaching following maternity leave.
(7) Proportion calculated on the basis of 96,999 employees.
Internationalization of management
With employees representing over 160 nationalities, Total enjoys broad cultural diversity and believes that it is important to promote this at all levels of its activities. In 2019, 85.8% of employees hired by the Group and 55.0% of managers hired were non-French nationals. The increase in the representation of employees of non-French nationality in hires is mainly due to the development of SunPower and Hutchinson activities in Mexico, which represents 38.9% of the Group’s hires and which are aimed mainly at non-manager profiles.
The Group has set a target of having local managers representing 50% to 75% of the subsidiaries’ Management Committee members by 2020 (they represented 54.8% in 2019, compared to 52% in 2018) and non-French nationals representing 39% of senior managers and 40% of senior executives (compared to approximately 19% in 2004 and 34.1% in 2019).
Several measures have been put in place to internationalize the management population, including career paths to internationalize careers, increasing the number of foreign postings for employees of all nationalities (approximately 4,000 employees representing more than 100 nationalities are posted in more than 100 countries), and integration and personal development training organized by large regional hubs (for example, Houston, Johannesburg and Singapore).
Measures promoting the employment and integration of people with disabilities
The integration and job retention of people with disabilities are covered by specific measures incorporated into the Group’s diversity policy. Total’s Disability Program is a structure within the Diversity & Competences department of the Group’s Human Resources division and is responsible for leading the disability policy while relying on disability coordinators within the business segments and a network of expert contacts within the establishments.
In France, for over 20 years, Total has implemented its policy to promote the employment of people with disabilities by signing agreements with employee representatives.
Total promotes the direct recruitment of people with disabilities as well as their indirect employment by purchasing from the protected employment sector as part of its responsible procurement. At the same time, the Group takes various types of action:
- internally: integration, professional training, support and job retention, communication, awareness-raising actions and sessions organized for managers and all the teams, as well as mandatory training for the Human Resources teams; mandatory awareness-raising actions within management committees are also worth noting;
- externally: information and advertising aimed at students, cooperation with recruitment agencies, attendance at specialized forums, partnerships with schools and universities. For example, in 2019, the Disability Program signed a partnership agreement with the association, Companieros, to fund training modules for Grande École students. As a result, tens of students from Université de Technologie de Compiègne, Centrale Lyon and the École Polytechnique, all of whom are future managers, received the “Handimanager” label. In addition, Total took part in the first Disability Day organized at the École Polytechnique.
In 2019, a new agreement was negotiated with employee representatives and signed unanimously. This agreement, extended for the first time to the “Socle social commun” scope in France, replaces the three existing UES agreements, which contained different measures. The new agreement harmonizes the measures implemented for employees with disabilities in the whole of France (almost 14,000 people) and was approved by Direccte for a period of four years (2019–2022). The average Group employment rate of people with disabilities in France (direct and indirect employment) was 5.1% in 2018 (compared to 5.2% in 2017). The new agreement aims to reach the statutory employment rate of 6% of employees with disabilities by the end of the four-year period. It is based on three major priorities:
- recruitment, integration and professional support throughout the employee’s career;
- job retention, the adaptation of workstations and measures to compensate for the employee’s disability;
- the development of agreements and partnerships with the disabled and protected employment sectors (ESAT and EA).
The agreement foresees the creation of five dedicated full-time positions: four disability coordinator positions integrated into the business segments to promote and relay the Group’s disability policy within the operational entities and a dedicated recruiting consultant position tasked with identifying and prequalifying candidates with disabilities for all positions managed by the Recruitment department for France (regarding any type of contract).
This agreement also enables employees to voice their support for associations that work on behalf of those with a disability in front of a dedicated committee whose members come from the Disability Program and employee representative bodies. A specific annual budget is allocated for the duration of the agreement.
In addition, Total supports organizations such as the Association Total Solidarité Handicap (ATSH), which was formed in 1975 by employees with children with disabilities. ATSH provides confidential moral and financial support, helps with paperwork and gives practical assistance to current and retired employees of the Group and their dependents in France who are affected by disability. It currently has over 350 members, a third of whom received help from the association in 2018. In November 2019, Total signed the “Manifeste pour l’inclusion des personnes handicapées dans la vie économique” initiated by the Secretary of State in charge of People with Disabilities. This commitment charter aims to embody a strong ambition around a proactive approach in favor of the employment of people with disabilities. This public commitment completes the new agreement and the charter of the UNEA (Union Nationale des Entreprises Adaptées) signed in October 2019, promoting the employment in France of people with disabilities in adapted companies.
Internationally, the Group’s actions to support employees with disabilities took on a new dimension at the end of 2018, with the ambition of going beyond the legal requirements in all of the countries where it operates. This aim was embodied by the signing of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Global Business and Disability Network Charter in October 2018. To date, 41 subsidiaries have voluntarily signed up to the scheme and have set goals for the next two years on the basis of the five principles identified as priorities by the Group: respect and promotion of rights, policy and practice of non-discrimination, accessibility, job retention, and confidentiality. Signing the ILO’s Global Business and Disability Network Charter gave rise to a new dynamic that has translated into, in particular, a regular exchange of best practice between the subsidiaries and the provision of awareness-raising tools.
In January 2020, Total joined the Valuable 500, a global initiative aimed at explicitly putting the inclusion of people with disabilities and the unlocking of their potential on the agenda of multinational companies.
Commitment to promote the professional integration of young people
Total is committed to promoting the professional integration of young people, thus increasing their employability. It believes that for maximum impact, this issue must be tackled as early as possible in the education system, and has therefore put in place targeted actions tailored to the specific context of the countries where they are implemented.
In France, Total aims at offering 50% of internships for high school (first year) offered to young people from priority neighborhoods. Implemented in Île-de-France in 2018, Total extended this scheme to the regions in 2019. During the 2018/2019 school year, Total welcomed 116 students from priority neighborhoods.
Total recruited nearly 5,000 interns in France over the 2016–2018 period, corresponding to 5% of the workforce in France. In 2019, Total decided to continue this scheme. In order to monitor this part of the workforce more closely, indicators that reflect the Group’s priority commitments with regard to diversity, disability and the professional integration of young people from priority neighborhoods were implemented. As of December 31, 2019, the Group employed in France 1,554 interns, of which 30 had a disability. With regard to young people from priority neighborhoods, the Group’s recent partnership with Mozaïk RH (a leading player in getting diverse talents into work), through its “DiversifiezVosTalents” platform, shall enable the Group to step up its commitment and improve the monitoring of this indicator.
In Africa, the Young Graduate Program run by the Marketing & Services segment offers graduates under the age of 26 an 18-month work placement. The program is split into two phases consisting of work experience at the subsidiary in the young person’s home country followed by an assignment in another country. Since the program was launched in 2014, over 400 young people have taken this opportunity to improve their employability; in 2020, the program aims to exceed the milestone of 500 young graduates.
Volontariat International en Entreprise (VIE) is an international internship program that offers young graduates aged between 18 and 28, from France or other European Economic Area member states, a professional internship within a subsidiary and abroad for a maximum of 24 months. The program has been in operation within the Group since 2002, and over 1,700 young people have benefited from it to date.
A partnership with the Agency for French Education Abroad and the French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs was signed in June 2019, through which Total undertakes to finance five new Excellence-Major scholarships and thus participates, with the French government, in the promotion of French higher education to excellent students around the world.
Other anti-discrimination measures
The Group signed the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) Charter in 2014. Prepared by the “L’Autre Cercle” association, it establishes a framework for combating discrimination related to sexual orientation or identity in the workplace in France.
Total has written a practical guide to religion in the Group to offer concrete answers to employees’ questions about religion in the workplace and to promote tolerance of everyone’s beliefs, while respecting differences at the same time. The guide, which was posted on the Group’s intranet site in March 2017, offers the keys to understanding different beliefs, so that everyone can better comprehend them in their everyday activities. Initially published in French and in English, the guide has since been translated into eight other languages. It has always been presented at human rights training courses run by the Group. It is also distributed on Business Ethics Day (on December 10 every year), celebrated in all of the Group’s entities.
Adopting measures to meet the specific requirements of the organization of work
The Group’s activities are varied and, depending on the segments, require the implementation of specific regimes for the organization of work, such as the “shift” regime(8) and the “rotational” regime(9). Most shift workers are employed in the Refining & Chemicals, Marketing & Services and Integrated Gas, Renewables & Power segments, while the rotational regime mainly concerns the Exploration & Production segment.
The average work week is determined in accordance with applicable local law and limits set by International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions. Excluding specific regimes, it is less than 40 hours in most subsidiaries located in Europe, Israel, Mayotte and Qatar. It is 40 hours in most subsidiaries located in African, North American and Asian countries. It is above 40 hours, without exceeding 48 hours, in subsidiaries located in Latin America (mainly Mexico, Brazil, Dominican Republic and Argentina), a few countries in Asia (Philippines, India, Vietnam, China) and Africa (mainly Tunisia, South Africa, Morocco, Mauritius and Equatorial Guinea).
The challenges involved in the organization of work are many and varied depending on the regions of the world where the Group operates, and the applicable local law. The Group entities put in place measures to meet the specific requirements of the organization of work and promote, where possible, a good work- life balance.
Over the past few years, regular remote working has been rolled out within the Group.
Among those companies offering the option of remote working, 27.0% permit one day of remote working per week and 51.4% permit two days. France and Belgium have the greatest number of remote workers as this solution was introduced in these countries several years ago. In addition, as of December 31, 2019, 51.2% of companies offer occasional remote working.
As part of the roll-out of the One Total, Better Together project and in order to improve quality of life at work and ensure a better work-life balance, the Group announced in 2019 that it would generalize and allow throughout the world flexible working hours and voluntary remote working.
Among other solutions that favor a better work-life balance, employees also opt for voluntary part-time work.
France and Belgium have the largest number of voluntary part-time workers.
In addition, an agreement on the equal treatment of women and men in the workplace, applicable to the “Socle social commun” scope in France, was signed in June 2019. Aside from the equal treatment of women and men, the agreement covers parenthood and work-life balance, and strengthens the Group’s approach to improving quality of life at work.
An agreement on the right to disconnect was also signed in October 2019 in France within the same scope. The agreement states that each employee has a right to disconnect in order to strike a better work-life balance. Line managers shall also encourage staff not to use digital work-related equipment outside of working hours.
In addition, as part of a global approach to preventing and managing employee absenteeism, the sickness absenteeism rate is one of the indicators monitored under the World Human Resources Survey.
The sickness absenteeism rate evolves notably due a strengthening of the reporting process, in particular for the ARGEDIS subsidiary, whose sickness absenteeism rate went from 9.5% to 14.1% in 2019 and Hutchinson DOO, whose sickness absenteeism rate went from 3.4% to 7.7%.
(8) For employees providing a continual activity with relays between teams to maintain production (two or three 8-hour shifts), for example in plants or refineries.
(9) For employees working at a location (town or worksite) far from their place of residence with alternating periods of work and rest.
Promoting social dialogue
Social dialogue is one of the pillars of the Company project. It includes all types of negotiations, consultations or exchanges of information between the Group entities, the employees and their representatives about economic and social issues and related to the life of the company. The subjects covered by dialogue with employees vary from company to company, but some are shared throughout, such as health and safety, work time, compensation, training and equal opportunity.
The Group strives to maintain this dialogue at both a local level and at the head offices or centrally, as well as through its membership of bodies and the signing of agreements.
Among the numerous stakeholders with which Total maintains regular dialogue, the Group’s employees and their representatives have a privileged position and role, particularly in discussions with the management teams. In countries where employee representation is not required by law (for example in Myanmar and Brunei), the Group companies strive to set up such representation. There are therefore employee representatives in the majority of Group companies, most of whom are elected.
The number of employees covered by collective agreements has increased: they were 66,822 in 2018 and 68,048 in 2019 within the World Human Resources Survey scope.
At the European level, the European Committee enables the provision of information and discussions about the Group’s strategy and social, economic and financial situation, as well as on matters relating to sustainable development, environmental and societal responsibility, and safety. It examines any significant proposed organizational change concerning at least two companies in two European countries, to express its opinion, in addition to the procedures initiated before the national representative bodies. An agreement was signed in July 2017. It contains some innovative measures allowing for better dialogue with the members of the European Committee (field safety visits and learning expeditions to discuss the Group’s strategy directly on site). In 2019, European Committee members met 25 times.
The Board of Directors has decided to submit to the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting on May 29, 2020 a project to transform TOTAL S.A. into a European company (Societas Europaea or SE). The legal status of a European company is common to all the countries in the European Union and is used by an increasing number of companies in France and in Europe. This status will better reflect the economic and social reality of the Group and fully recognize its European dimension. This project has no impact on social dialogue or the way in which social dialogue is conducted in each European Union country. The European Committee will be replaced by a European Company Committee representing the 25 European Economic Area countries in which Total is present. To do so, a Special Negotiating Body (SNB), in which each European country is represented, was formed. Total negotiates with the SNB’s members the agreement on the European Company Committee, employee involvement mechanism in the future European company.
Social dialogue is also embodied by the signing of various European agreements: Plateforme sociale Groupe Total in 2004, a European agreement on equal opportunities in 2005, and an agreement on financial support for the creation, development or takeover of SMEs in 2007 and in 2012.
Social dialogue also results in the signing of international agreements that are emblematic of the Group’s conviction at the very highest level of decision-making. In 2015, the Group signed a global agreement with the international IndustriALL Global Union trades union federation on the promotion of human rights at work, diversity, the participation of employees and their representatives in social dialogue and the recognition of health and safety at work. Discussions to renew this agreement in 2020 are underway.
In December 2017, Total also joined the worldwide Global Deal initiative, a multi-stakeholder partnership that aims to incite governments, companies, unions and other organizations to make concrete commitments to favoring dialogue with employees. The Global Deal promotes the idea that effective social dialogue can contribute to decent work and quality jobs and, as a consequence, to more equality and inclusive growth from which workers, companies and civil society benefit. In 2019, Global Deal members were invited by the French Republic Minister for Labor, in parallel of the G7 Social summit, to take part in two working groups, one on supporting universal access to social protection adapted to new needs and risks, and the other on the equal treatment of women and men at work. By sharing its practices with Global Deal companies, Total contributed to the creation of a report entitled, Les membres du Global Deal s’engagent pour le G7 social (“Global Deal members commit to the G7 Social”).
As a company that listens to the people who work for it, Total continues to build on its Company project, One Total, through a participative approach that engages employees. This approach was illustrated in 2016 by the involvement of employees in a reflection of the Group’s ambitions and values, and in 2018 by the One Total, Be Simple collaborative campaign focusing on employees’ day-to-day lives. Following further collaborative work that took the form of workshops, forums and an online collaborative platform that focused on a working text entitled, Pacte d’engagement (“Commitment agreement”), which received thousands of contributions from around the world, the One Total, Better Together project was launched with the aim of specifying the Group’s human ambitions.
In addition, every two years, Total carries out an internal survey (Total Survey) among its employees to gather their views and expectations with regard to their work situation and perception of the Company, locally and as a Group. The results of the last survey conducted in 2017 among 70,000 employees in 124 countries demonstrated that employees have a commitment rate of 78% and that 85% of them are proud to work for Total.
The following survey was launched in 2019 and its results will be received in the first semester of 2020.