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Health & safety

In line with its Code of Conduct, Total has adopted a Safety Health Environment Quality Charter on which the Group relies for the conduct of its operations. This charter represents the common framework of the Group’s management systems. Group directives define the minimum requirements expected in the areas of safety, security, industrial health and hygiene, the environment, quality and societal. They are implemented in the segments, which subsequently factor in the specific characteristics of their operations. Recommendations, guides and manuals, which are the primary documents used for implementing and managing the Group’s policies, are accessible to all employees. The HSE division supports the Group business segments and oversees the implementation of the policies that reflect the HSE principles of this charter concretely and effectively.

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Occupational health and safety

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For many years, the Group has been developing a normative framework relating to safety, security, industrial health and hygiene, the environment and societal, as well as the corresponding management systems in these areas (Management and Expectations Standards Toward Robust Operations, MAESTRO). In this respect, directives have been drawn up for occupational health and safety. These directives set out Total’s requirements in these areas for personnel working on its sites.

Since 2013, the Group’s business segments have increased their efforts regarding the frameworks of the HSE management systems in order to provide greater overall Group-wide consistency, while at the same time respecting the businesses’ specific characteristics. Starting in 2018, a MAESTRO HSE reference framework common to all branches of activity will gradually be deployed.

Total’s HSE division conducts MAESTRO audits of all operated sites every four years.

The Group’s safety efforts are focused on preventing occupational and transport accidents, and on preventing major accidents and accidental spills. They cover both employees of Group companies and employees of external contractors1, whose safety indicators are monitored with the same vigilance.

Indicators are used to measure the main results in these areas. Monthly reporting of occupational accidents is used to monitor performance at both the global and site levels.

Safety indicators

2017

2016

2015

Number of recorded injuries per million hours worked (TRIR)(a)

0.88

0.91

1.17

Group company employees

0.89

0.83

0.92

Employees of external contractors

0.88

0.99

1.38

Number of lost time injuries per million hours worked (LTIR)(b)

0.58

0.51

0.66

Average number of days lost per lost time injury (SIR)(c):

27.57 (d)

30.23

30.11

Number of occupational fatalities

1

1

9

(a) TRIR: Total Recordable Injury Rate.
(b) LTIR: Lost Time Injury Rate.
(c) SIR: Severity Injury Rate.
(d) Excluding Saft Groupe.

 

For more than 10 years, the TRIR2 and the LTIR3 have declined continuously. Those 2017 safety performances are relatively stable compared to 2016. The deployment of a series of measures intended to strengthen the Group’s safety culture in 2015 has helped to improve the safety of employees working for external contractors. Despite these measures, in 2017 an accident during maintenance operations in the Republic of the Congo resulted in the death of an employee working for a contractor.

Safety is the subject of regular training activities, in particular at management level. Since 2011, the Group has implemented a policy to recognize HSE performance, in particular by including safety-related criteria in the determination of compensation.

Since 2010, the basic rules to be scrupulously followed by all personnel, employees and contractors alike, in all of the Group’s businesses worldwide, have been set out in a safety document entitled “Safety at Work: Total’s Twelve Golden Rules”.

According to the Group’s internal statistics, in more than 60% of severe incidents or near misses with high severity potential in the workplace, at least one of the golden rules had not been followed. The proper application of these golden rules, and more generally of all occupational safety procedures, is verified through site visits and internal audits. The golden rules have been reformulated in the form of do's and don'ts to improve their adoption and facilitate the monitoring of their application. This new presentation was revealed in April 2017, on the occasion of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work. Furthermore, in 2016, the HSE organization created a department including the leading authorities on high-risk operations (work at height, lifting, high-pressure cleaning, excavations, etc.) in order to consolidate in-house know-how and relations with contractors.

One of the programs launched in 2016 to improve long-term safety performance was focused on strengthening the control of the activity of employees working for external contractors, who are statistically the main victims of accidents. The program of regular meetings with the management of external companies, launched in 2016, continued in 2017. In October 2017, the Total Suppliers Day, aimed at the Group’s strategic suppliers, was attended by 110 companies, with a view to sharing common policies and rules on ethics, health, safety, human rights and environmental protection. The event was an opportunity to reward three companies for the excellence of their work and the quality of their relations with the Group entities in the safety, innovation-digital technology and operational excellence categories.

Moreover, the reporting of anomalies (about 800,000 per year) and near misses on a daily basis is strongly encouraged and permanently monitored. The ability of each employee to identify anomalies or dangerous situations is one of the measures of the personnel’s involvement and vigilance in accident prevention and reflects the safety culture within the Group.

An investigation is generally launched in response to any type of accident whatsoever. The method and scope of investigation depend on the actual or potential severity of the event. Consequently, a near miss with a high severity potential is treated as a serious accident, and its analysis is considered as an essential factor of progress. Depending on its relevance to the other Group entities, it triggers a safety alert and the distribution of a feedback form, depending on the circumstances.

With respect to transport safety, the Group continues to strive to improve its performance in terms of road accidents. The actions taken in recent years more than halved the rate of severe accidents between 2013 and 2017. At Marketing & Services, the program of transporters inspections is being deployed in Africa, Asia-Pacific & the Middle East and the Americas, and should be gradually extended to the East European countries in 2018. The inspection protocol has also been adapted and tested in four European countries in the Gas, Renewables & Power segment, so that it can be used in OECD-zone countries, where it will be deployed, starting in 2018.

Following the signing of the national call in favor of road safety at work in France in October 2016, the Group deployed the SafeDriver campaign to raise awareness of risks on the road and to remind drivers of the basic rules of driving and the importance of obeying them. This campaign is broken down into six themes and addresses all Total and contractor employees who use a vehicle for professional purposes.

As part of the Oil Companies International Marine Forum’s (OCIMF)4 Marine Terminal Information System (MTIS), the Group launched an initiative to systematically record the physical characteristics of the terminals operated by Group entities. This will make it easier to assess the compatibility of ships with the Group’s terminals. Elsewhere,  Total has decided to adopt the Marine Terminal Management Self Assessment (MTMSA), recommended by the industry, as a framework of reference for the self-assessment of terminals, as part of its drive to improve the safety of product transfers at interfaces.

With regards to health, the Group has drawn up a policy to define Total’s minimum requirements in terms of the prevention of industrial risks to health and the protection of workers.

In particular, based on the Directive on industrial hygiene and occupational health, the Group’s companies are expected to prepare and carry out a formal risk assessment (chemical, physical, biological, ergonomic or psychosocial), create a risk management action plan and provide medical monitoring of staff in line with the risks to which they are exposed.

The Group monitors the following indicators in this area:

Health indicators

(WHRS scope)

2017

2016

2015

Percentage of employees benefiting from regular medical monitoring

98.0%

99.3%

99.3%

Number of occupational illnesses recorded in the year (in accordance with local regulations(a)

143

108

145

(a) In 2016, the number of occupational illnesses was collected for companies replying to the WHRS in order to improve consistency between social and health data. In addition, this indicator, which was reported as a ratio of hours worked, is now expressed as an absolute figure.
 

Reporting on occupational illnesses covers only the Group’s personnel (WHRS5 scope) and illnesses reported according to the regulations applicable in the country of operation of each entity.

Musculoskeletal disorders, the main cause of occupational illnesses, represented 68% of all recorded illnesses in 2017, slightly up on 2016.

A Medical Advisory Committee meets regularly to discuss key health issues that may affect the Group’s employees. It consists of external scientific experts and brings together Total’s management team and the relevant members of the Group. This Committee provides scientific monitoring of health problems that could impact the Group, thus enabling the best health protection strategies to be put in place when necessary.

In support of the Group’s health policy and to complement the periodic medical surveillance program organized by the Group’s medical staff, an employee health observatory has also been set up. This observatory aims at establishing health indicators for keeping track over the long term of any medical conditions that could affect employees using a population-based approach. This program can be used to quickly identify the emergence of certain illnesses and, if applicable, suggest and oversee appropriate preventive measures. Approximately 13% of the Group’s employees worldwide, whatever their position, age or horizon, took part anonymously in this program, thereby providing a representative sample of the Group’s different business segments and professions, including administrative as much as operational staff.

The study entitled Sleep, shift work and cardio-metabolic illnesses was initiated on the basis of the findings of the Total health observatory. The study covered the employees on four Refining & Chemicals industrial sites in France (Carling, Donges, La Mède and Normandy) and was conducted in collaboration with the occupational health departments on each site. The result should be published shortly, following further analysis of the data obtained in 2017. On a broader level, Total is associated with promoting individual and collective health in the countries where it operates, including flu vaccination campaigns and prevention and screening programs for certain diseases (AIDS, cancer, malaria, Ebola, etc.) for employees, their families and local communities. For several years, awareness campaigns have also been in place concerning, for example, musculoskeletal disorder prevention and lifestyle risks (anti-smoking and anti-drinking campaigns).
 

Consumer health and safety

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Many of the products that Total markets pose potential risks; for example, if they are used incorrectly. The Group therefore aims to meet its current and future obligations with regard to information and prevention in order to minimize the risks throughout its products’ life cycle. Total’s health and products directive sets out the minimum requirements for marketing the Group’s products worldwide in order to reduce potential risks to consumer health and the environment.

Total identifies and assesses the risks inherent to its products and their use, and then informs customers and users of these risks and the applicable prevention and protection measures. The material safety data sheets (MSDS) that accompany all products marketed by the Group (in at least one of the languages used in the country) and product labels are two key sources of information in this regard. All new products comply fully with the regulatory requirements in the countries and markets for which they are intended.

 

1 As defined here

2 TRIR: Total Recordable Injury Rate.

3 LTIR: Lost Time Injury Rate.

4 An industry forum including the leading worldwide oil companies.

5The Worldwide Human Resources Survey (WHRS) is an annual survey which comprises about 100 indicators in addition to those used in the Global Workforce Analysis.