Climate indicators

GHG Emissions

  Unit 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Scope 1 –  Operated direct GHG emissions (100% of emissions from sites operated by the Group) MtCO2eq 36.2 39.4 41.8 44.3 46.0
Breakdown by Segment
Upstream (E1–C3) (1) MtCO2eq 16.9 19.0 19.3 22.1 23.5
Refining & Chemicals (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 19.1 20.2 22.3 22.0 22.3
Marketing & Services (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Breakdown by Region
Europe (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 18.7 19.9 22.3 21.2 22.1
Africa (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 10.2 12.0 11.6 14.2 14.7
Americas (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7
CIS et Asia (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.6
Middle East (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 0 0 0.8 1.3 1.9
Breakdown by type of greenhouse gas (excluding HFC)
Carbon dioxide – CO2 (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 33.5 36.4 38.9 41.3 43.5
Methane – CH4 (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0
Nitrous oxide – N2O (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
 
Scope 1: Group share of direct GHG emissions MtCO2eq 50 51 50 54 51
Scope 2 - Indirect emissions attributable to energy consumption by sites (E1-S1) MtCO2eq 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3
Scope 3: Other indirect emissions
Use by customers of products sold for end use (2)
MtCO2eq 400 420 410 430 430

 

Energy efficiency

  Unit 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Net primary energy consumption (E2-C1) TWh 137 146 153 153 157

Group Energy Efficiency Index GEEI

base 100 in 2010 85.7 91.0 90.8 (3) 100.0 (3) 101.3

 

(1) The references provided in parentheses refer to the 2015 edition of the Oil and Gas Industry Guidance on Voluntary Sustainability Reporting published by IPIECA, API and IOGP. E(x) refers to an environmental indicator. C(x) refers to a common reporting element. S(x) refers to a supplemental reporting element.
(2) We comply with the petroleum industry value chain methodologies published by IPIECA, which are consistent with those in the GHG Protocol
Only Category 11 of Scope 3 (Use of sold products), which is the most significant, is reported.
Emissions for this category are calculated based on sales of finished products for subsequent end use, i.e., combustion of the products to obtain energy. A stoichiometric emissions factor (oxidation of molecules into carbon dioxide) is applied to those sales to obtain a volume of emissions.
(3) The 2015 and 2014 data have been restated to take account of the new reference period 2010-2020 (the previous target period was 2012-2017).

Flaring

  Unit 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Global volumes of flared gas Mm3/d 5.4 (1) 7.1 7.2 9.8 10.8
Including routine flaring Mm3/d 1.0 1.7 (2) 2.3 (3) 3.4 (3) 4.2 (3)

 

(1) The decrease of the global flaring is mainly due to a significant improve in West of Africa, particularly in Angola, where compression upsets have been solved.
(2) Volume estimated based on data as of end of 2016, according to the new routine flaring definition published in June 2016 by the working group of the Global Gas Flaring Reduction program.
(3) Volumes estimated based on available historical data.

Total ecosolutions

  Unit 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Products & services labelled Total Ecosolutions Nb 93 96 81 70 42
CO2 eq emissions avoided by the use of “Total Ecosolutions” products and services (1) Mt CO2 eq/y 1.85 1.75 1.7 1.5 1.4

 

(1) Measured based on sales volume throughout the life cycle by the use of "Total Ecosolutions" products compared with the use of benchmark products on the market for an equivalent level of service.