Climate indicators

GHG Emissions

  Unit 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Scope 1 –  Total direct greenhouse gas emissions (operated scope) MtCO2eq 39.4 41.8 44.3 46.0 47.0
BREAKDOWN BY Segment
Upstream (E1–C3) (1) MtCO2eq 19.0 19.3 22.1 23.5 23.4
Refining & Chemicals (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 20.2 22.3 22.0 22.3 23.4
Marketing & Services (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
BREAKDOWN BY Region
Europe (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 19.9 22.3 21.2 22.1 22.8
Africa (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 12.0 11.6 14.2 14.7 14.2
Americas (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
CIS et Asia (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.5
Middle East (E1-C3) MtCO2eq 0 0.8 1.3 1.9 2.8
BREAKDOWN BY TYPE OF GREENHOUSE GAS (except HFC)
Carbon dioxide – CO2 (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 36.4 38.9 41.3 43.5 43.5
Methane – CH4 (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.8
Nitrous oxide – N2O (E1-C1) MtCO2eq 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7
Scope 1: Group share of direct GHG emissions MtCO2eq 51 50 54 51 53
Scope 2 - Indirect emissions (E1-S1) MtCO2eq 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.4
Scope 3: Other indirect emissions
Use of products sold (2)
MtCO2eq 420 410 430 430 430

 

Energy efficiency

  Unit 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Net primary energy consumption (operated scope) (E2-C1) TWh 146 153 153 157 159

Group Energy Efficiency Index GEEI

base 100 in 2010 91.0 90.8 (3) 100.0 (3) 101.3 (3) 98.9 (3)

Daily flaring (including routine, start-up, operational and safety flaring – operated scope) (E4-C1)

Mm3/d 7.1 7.2 9.8 10.8 10.8

Routine flaring

Mm3/d 1.7 (4) 2.3 (5) 3.4 (5) 4.2 (5) 5.0 (5)